PROBLEMS OF THE EYES AND THE AREA AROUND THE EYES CAN BE TREATED
HANGING UPPER AND LOWER EYELID
Spasm of the eyelid- Infections of the eyelid and their surroundings- Eyelid defects caused by stroke- Sacks below the eye- Wrinkles around the eye, treated with Botox- Thyroid-related eyelid defects- Thyroid-related protruding eyes- Mobile eye prostheses- Clogged tear ducts
THYROID-RELATED EYE DISEASES (GRAVES’ DISEASE)
Certain eye disorders and deformities occur in some diseases of the thyroid gland, which plays an effective role in the regulation of metabolism. This is more common in cases of over-functioning of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). Findings include protrusion of the eyeballs (exophthalmia, proptosis), eyelid distance that is too wide, strabismus, double vision, and reduced vision, Called "thyroid-associated orbitopathy" or "Graves’ orbitopathy". this disease can be very mild or severe enough to result in loss of vision. Treatment is determined based on the stage and severity of the disease and whether it is active or not.
There are microbial infections and non-microbial orbital inflammation which are related to the body’s immune system. Microbial inflammation often develops in children following sinus infections but it can also occur at any age due to various factors, particularly after trauma. it can threaten vision and life unless treated appropriately at an early stage. medication or surgical treatment can be used, it depends on the case. Radiotherapy may be necessary when there is no response to cortisone therapy.
Benign or malignant tumors make up approximately 20% of all orbital diseases. Tumors can be life-threatening when they spread to periocular tissues and other organs, particularly the brain. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of diseases are important.
Orbital injuries can be life-threatening because of the proximity to vital organs. Hence, the patient is first assessed for brain functions and the respiratory tract. The eyes are very likely to be affected by orbital injuries as well. So, the condition of the eyes should be evaluated as a priority. Surgical treatment is applied.
CONGENITALLY SMALL OR ABSENT EYE
Since the size and presence of the eye develop EpiOcular tissues, the eyelids, soft tissues around the eyes, and the bone frame cannot grow sufficiently when the eyes are not developed. Conformers (devices that are gradually increased in size) are used for mild and moderate cases; more severe cases require surgery.
EYE AND EYELID TUMORS
Ocular oncology deals with tumors developing in the eyes and periocular tissues.
Nearly ¾ of the tumors developing in the eyelids and surrounding area are being tumors. If persistent wounds develop in the eyelids, an ophthalmologist should be consulted to determine if they are related to a malignant tumor and Surgical treatment should be performed
LACRIMAL SYSTEM TUMORS
Lacrimal gland tumors are more common than tumors of the tear drainage system. Prevalence is higher in adults. While treatment changes according to the type of tumor, treatment methods include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
INTRAOCULAR TUMORS (MELANOMA)
Melanoma of the uvea is the most common intraocular tumor seen in adults. It is not life-threatening as long as it remains inside the eye. For large tumors, surgical treatment and removal of the eye (enucleation) are necessary. For smaller tumors, radiation therapy (radiotherapy), plaque radiotherapy (brachytherapy), and transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) can be performed
INTRAOCULAR TUMORS (RETINOBLASTOMA)
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular tumor seen in childhood. Surgery, radiation therapy (radiotherapy), and laser are the techniques used today.
Capillary hemangiomas are benign lesions consisting of overgrowth of capillaries. Developing around the eyes, particularly in the eyelids, and behind the eyes, they are congenital or occur within the first months following birth. Lesions affecting vision require treatment.
This is the most common benign orbital tumor seen in adults. Hemangiomas should be removed surgically.