RETINA DISEASES

The retina is a thin layer of interconnected photoreceptor cells at the backside of the eyeball. Retina diseases are to be taken very seriously; untreated, they can cause permanent illness and lead to blindness. This can be prevented with regular check-ups to detect any irregularities early, and initiate treatment to prevent the loss of vision. Retina surgery requires stringent hygienic conditions and the help of high-tech devices. Diabetes and high blood pressure are among the afflictions that cause the most frequently seen retina diseases. Diabetes is the main reason for blindness. Timely treatment of the root cause can prevent it. In our retina unit, we apply with great care all diagnostic and treatment methods to patients who suffer from diabetes and hypertension-related eye problems.

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THE FOLLOWING SIGNS CAN BE RELATED TO A RETINA DISEASE:

•REDUCED FIELD OF VISION SENSATION OF TINY SWIRLING FRACTURED VISION FLASHES OF LIGHT

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TREATMENT OF RETINA DISEASES IN WESTEYE HEALTH GROUP

  • In Westeye Hospitals Group, retina diseases are treated by retina specialists with the experience of thousands of cases. For the monitoring and treatment of patients we use the most advanced FDA-approved devices and medical materials. All our medical material, from surgical gowns to injectors and special drugs, is sanitized and used only once.

 

PREMATURE RETINOPATHY (ROP)

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WHAT IS PREMATURE RETINOPATHY (ROP) DISEASE?

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a proliferative retinal vascular disease affecting the retina of premature infants and it remains a leading cause of childhood blindness worldwide. Lower birth weight, lower gestational age, and longer neonatal intensive care unit stay as risk factors for the development of ROP. Additionally, duration of oxygen exposure and any diseases like HIE, congenital heart disease, sepsis are correlated with ROP. In developed countries, all premature infants at risk for ROP are screened routinely and treatment is prompt, resulting in good visual outcomes. As consequence blindness from ROP is a rare event in these countries. However, there is an ongoing epidemic of ROP- induced blindness in developing and developing countries.  Prevention of ROP by following stringent protocols timely screening and laser treatment/ intravitreal injection or surgery by a concerted and collaborative effort of neonatologists and ophthalmologists are required to fight the blindness from ROP. Infants with a gestational age ≤ 34 weeks and/or birth weight (BW) ≤1700 g and babies treated in intensive care unit should be referred for ROP examination.

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WHO HAS ROP DISEASE?

Babies treated in intensive care due to under 34 weeks of birth, birth weight below 1700 grams, and general condition disorder have a very high risk of developing ROP disease.

Image by Solen Feyissa

WHEN SHOULD THE FIRST ROP EXAMINATION BE PERFORMED?

There is no evidence of ROP disease that families may notice. Therefore, babies in the risk group should be referred by the pediatrician/ neonatal specialist to the eye specialist who can perform an ROP examination within 4-6 weeks after birth.

 

HOW TO PERFORM ROP EXAMINATION?

ROP examination is performed after the eye is drip-drip, after the enlargement of the pupils, the eyes are numbed with the drop. The state of development of the vessels, the presence and stage of ROP disease, the subsequent examination and, if necessary, the treatment are decided according to this examination.

HOW TO FOLLOW ROP DISEASE?

According to the result of the first examination of premature babies, follow-up examinations are required at intervals of 3-4 days or 1-3 weeks until vascular development is completed

HOW TO TREAT BALL DISEASE?

There is no evidence of ROP disease that families may notice. Therefore, babies in the risk group should be referred by the pediatrician/ neonatal specialist to the eye specialist who can perform an ROP examination within 4-6 weeks after birth.